The disgraced war veteran sat in court on Monday as his team of top-tier barristers attempted to overturn his landmark defamation loss over war crimes media reporting.
Representing the 45-year-old ex-SAS corporal, Bret Walker SC said findings that Mr Roberts-Smith was involved in the unlawful killing of two unarmed prisoners at a compound called Whiskey 108 was based on testimony contradicted by an official patrol debrief.
The document mentioned the deaths of nine enemies killed in action including two “squirters” – military speak for insurgents attempting to flee a battlefield – and did not refer to any prisoners being captured on the day of the April 2009 event.
In June, Federal Court Justice Anthony Besanko found Mr Roberts-Smith was involved in four unlawful murders, including two at Whiskey 108 involving insurgents who emerged from a secret tunnel located in the compound.
Mr Walker told the Full Court that the judge had not explained why he preferred witness testimony based on memory over documents created closer in time to the event.
Nowhere had Justice Besanko explained how he found the patrol debrief had been “nefariously corrupted” to cover up the murders, Mr Roberts-Smith’s barrister said.
A judge could not infer a document had been part of a cover-up if it contradicted witness testimony given to a court, he said.
“That would be absurd and unfair and purely speculative.”
Mr Walker said Justice Besanko erred by failing to give enough weight to Mr Roberts-Smith’s presumption of innocence when delivering his judgment.
The 10-day appeal challenges further findings from June, including that the decorated soldier kicked a handcuffed prisoner off a cliff and ordered him executed.
He is also challenging a finding that he machine-gunned a man in the back and took his prosthetic leg back to Australia to use as a beer-drinking vessel.
In his decision, Justice Anthony Besanko found Mr Roberts-Smith bullied fellow soldiers to prevent them speaking out about his actions, threatened witnesses and hired private investigators to track them.
The 2600-paragraph judgment was a comprehensive loss for the former SAS corporal in his defamation case over 2018 reports in Nine-owned papers The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald, plus The Canberra Times.
If the legal challenge is unsuccessful, Mr Roberts-Smith and his financiers at the Seven Network – including billionaire Kerry Stokes – will be on the hook for tens of millions of dollars in legal costs.
In November 2020, a report into alleged war crimes by special forces in Afghanistan found credible evidence 39 civilians and prisoners were unlawfully killed by Australian troops, while two others were subject to cruelty.
Two years later, more than 40 alleged offences were under investigation.
Mr Roberts-Smith has not been charged.
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